Croatian artists have been working in the "ulje na staklu" (oil on glass) technique since the early 20th century when an academy trained artist-activist, Krsto Hegedušić, visited the village of Hlebine in 1928 and encouraged a few of the villagers to pick up paintbrushes in the winter months and paint 'what they knew.' Originally painting on canvas, paper or wood, the grandfather of the Croatian Naive tradition, Ivan Generalić, began painting on glass in the 1930s.Characterised by rural views and scenes of village life, early Croatian Naive paintings are often bleak despite the rich tones, bright colours, and fine detailing that the oil on glass technique allows.A number of clock faces were created using this technique in the early-to-mid-19th century.Throughout the 19th century painting on glass was widely popular as folk art in Austria, Bavaria, Moravia, Bohemia and Slovakia. American reverse painting on glass is a popular technique. The windows of the house are highlighted with mother-of-pearl accents.
Colours, patterns and details are never set from the beginning, but evolve over time in an intuitive process that keeps the sense of play, process and adventure alive until the last brush stroke has been blended.Samples from 20 reverse paintings on glass from different regions have been analyzed by NAA with the aim to deduce the place and date of their origin.A separation of earlier and later paintings was due to different concentrations of K and Na, because a sodium-containing flux came into use after 1870.There was an exhibition of these at the Museum of American Folk Art in NYC and also an exhibition at the Shelbourne Museum in Vermont several years ago. Reverse painting on glass is an art form consisting of applying paint to a piece of glass and then viewing the image by turning the glass over and looking through the glass at the image.Offering for your consideration an antique American Folk Art tinsel painting dating from the last half of the 19th century.